Selective generation and amplification of RKKY interactions by a p-n interface
Authors: Zhang, SH; Zhu, JJ; Yang, W; Chang, K
PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volume: 99 Issue: 19 Published: MAY 30 2019 Language: English Document type: Article
We propose a physical mechanism to generate and selectively amplify anisotropic Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interactions between two local spins. The idea is to combine the deflection of the carrier velocity by a p-n interface and the locking of this velocity to the carrier spin orientation via spin-orbit coupling. We provide analytical and numerical results to demonstrate this mechanism on the surface of a topological insulator p-n junction. This work identifies the p-n interface as a second knob which, together with the carrier density, enables independent control of the strength and anisotropy of the RKKY interaction over a wide range. These findings may be relevant to scalable quantum computation and two-impurity quantum criticality.